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Wednesday, 27 July 2016

Crack Cocaine Treatment Programs In The United States

Crack Cocaine is in the same family as cocaine. Crack cocaine, crack, or rock is a solid form of cocaine, which is smoked by the user. It is the freebase form of cocaine that is usually produced with baking soda or sodium hydroxide, in a process to convert powder cocaine into freebase cocaine. Crack cocaine causes an immediate reaction in the brain that will cause the user to experience euphoria, loss of appetite, insomnia, supreme confidence, alertness, and increased energy. It also brings to the individual a craving for more crack and potential paranoia when the individual stops using the drug. Using this drug will release a large amount of dopamine, a brain chemical that produces a feeling of euphoria. In addition, smoking crack cocaine releases methylecgonidine) which affects the lung, heart, and liver) into one's body, something, which snorting or injecting powder cocaine does not create.

Crack Cocaine addiction

Crack cocaine is by far the most addictive form of cocaine, and it is one of the most addictive forms of any legal or illegal drug. The intense desire to relive the initial high is what is so addictive for most crack users. Purer forms of crack will produce euphoria even after smoking diluted or fake crack cocaine for hours. One hit of real crack cocaine produces euphoria within seconds. Hours of depression or tweaking can be reversed with a single hit of actual crack cocaine. The memory of that kind of high can cause addicts to look for large amounts of crack, hoping for the real one.

Crack Cocaine statistic in the US

In the US, cocaine is a Schedule II Definition of the word drugs under the Controlled Substances Act since it has high addiction potential but, also carries a medicinal purpose. Under the DEA listing of schedule I substances, crack is not considered separate from cocaine since they are mainly the same drug compound but, just in different forms. Crack cocaine became very popular in 1985 due in part because of its almost instant high and also because it is really cheap to produce and buy. In 2001, 2% of students in college and 4.7% of people ages 19 to 28 reported using crack at least once in their lifetime. In 1988, about 300,000 babies were born addicted to cocaine and most of them to crack cocaine. This is where the term crack babies came from. In 1985, the approximate number of mothers addicted to drugs seen at New York's Bronx-Lebanon Hospital Center increased from 70 to 150; the number of cocaine addicted users within the 150 had jumped from 25 to 75 %.

reference:http://www.usdoj.gov/dea/concern/cocaine.html
http://www.drug-rehabs.org/drug-statistics.php
http://www.cog.brown.edu/courses/63/crackbabies1.html