Opioids Medical Detoxification Programs in the United States
Opioids are any drugs that act on the opioid receptors throughout the brain, and are commonly used to treat varying levels of pain. Other uses for opioids include as an anesthesia, treating opioid use disorder, preventing opioid overdose, and suppressing cough, and are often used to alleviate withdrawal symptoms. Opiates are also included in Opioids; opiates are just an older term that is used to describe drugs that are derived from opium such as heroin and morphine, or are a derivative of opium such as chemically synthesized drugs. Opioids can fall into classifications of drugs such as semi-synthetic and synthetic, which are drugs created through a chemical synthesis, and can include drugs such as hydrocodone, oxycodone, and fentanyl. There are also opioid antagonist drugs, which are not narcotics, but help prevent opioid overdose, and this includes drugs such as Naloxone. The most common use for opioids is to treat pain such as acute pain and chronic pain, and are also commonly found in prescription cough suppressants.
Did you know this about Opiates/Opioids?
Opiates are narcotic analgesics, they are most commonly used to relieve severe pain. But, it can be very easily addictive, as one needs to increase the dosage after some time to get the same effects.
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services reported in 2016 that over 100 people were dying every day because of an opioid-related overdose, and over 11 million people misused prescription opioids. Within that year, over 40,000 people died from an opioid overdose, and this has been on the rise as of late; and over two million people reported having an opioid use disorder. Other statistics included over two million people did misuse prescription opioids for the first time; over 15,000 deaths were connected to commonly prescribed opioids, and close to 20,000 deaths were attributed to synthetic opioids. This epidemic and crisis have only gotten worse, and the economic costs are well over 500 billion dollars. All throughout the United States people are becoming addicted to and being prescribed these drugs every day. Some of theand brand names for both synthetic and semi-synthetic opioids include the following:
- Oxycodone; some of the brand names are OxyContin, Percodan, and Percocet.
- Hydrocodone, which is typically used in combination drugs to treat cough, and pain. Some of the brand names include Vicodin, Lortab, and Lorcet
- Morphine, which is made from opium, and some of its brand names include Kadian, Avinza, and MS Contin.
- Codeine, which is a pain medication, but is also used as a combination drug with acetaminophen, and aspirin.
- Fentanyl; this drug has been at the fore-front of the opioid epidemic throughout North America, causing countless overdose deaths each year. Fentanyl is often prescribed to chronic pain cases who have such a high tolerance for everything, and Fentanyl is the only drug that will work.
- Hydromorphone, which is also known as Dilaudid, and is a commonly prescribed pain medication.
- Meperidine, which is also known as Demerol, and is regularly prescribed throughout the United States.
- Oxymorphone, or also known as Opana, and is a pain medication.
The treatment of pain is necessary to help a person maintain a comfortable life and assist with them being able to function normally. The treatment of opioid addiction is a serious business, because it can be a very difficult to fully recover from long-term addictions. Throughout the United States, are thousands of drug rehabilitation and treatment services; private, state operated, federally funded, and volunteer and non-profit organizations. The first step that any opioid addict should take is to locate a medical detox, or seek out help through a hospital inpatient program. Withdrawal pain is one of the primary reasons why opioid addicts do not attempt at becoming sober; the discomfort and pain can be dangerous and too much to handle. Medical detox will help alleviate withdrawal symptoms, and assist with a smooth transition into a drug treatment center. Residential drug and alcohol rehabilitation, or a residential program for opioid abuse will be the best option. Inpatient care, especially programs that can last two to three months, will provide more opportunities to address all the underlying issues and physical and mental-health problems that may be connected to the addiction. This same process can be applied to an opioid dependency because of a prescription, but medical detox or an opioid withdrawal program is first.
About the Opioid Epidemic - https://www.hhs.gov/opioids/about-the-epidemic/ February, 24, 2018
Opioid - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Opioid#Synthetic_opioids February 24, 2018
RX Pain Medications, Know the Options, Get the Facts - https://store.samhsa.gov/shin/content/SMA17-5053-12/SMA17-5053-12.pdf February 24, 2018