Pcp Treatment Centers In United States
PCP is recognized as a dissociative drug, and has a history of being used as an anesthetic; however, it has displayed many different neurotoxic and hallucinogenic effects. In the year 1953, the drug was patented by Parke-Davis, which is a pharmaceutical company. The many effects of PCP, including the psychoactive ones, only last for a few hours; however, over an eight-day period, the drugs will remain in the body.
Early Use and Application of PCP
During World War II, this drug was first used as a surgical anesthetic, but it displayed adverse side effects with patients, such as: hallucinations, mania, delirium, and disorientation. The drug was later used once again and patented by the pharmaceutical company, Parke-Davis; however, it was soon removed from shelves because of side effects. In the late 1960’s, the drug was marketed again as a anesthetic used in veterinary medicine, but was again removed from shelves due to side effects. It was determined that this drug was completely unstable for any kind of medical use.
PCP can be bought and used in both a powder and liquid form. When it is smoked, it is typically sprayed on a cigarette, marijuana, oregano, parsley, or ginger. The slang term for smoking PCP is known as getting wet. A cigarette or marijuana joint can be dipped in PCP and then smoked by the user. This unfortunately, has been an ever growing problem in the USA. Typically, a PCP user can purchase these pre-dipped cigarettes for a price of 10-25 dollars. The powder form of PCP can be snorted, and will cause significant health problems to the user, potentially even deadly. The pure form of PCP looks like a white crystalline powder, and can be dissolved in water. Much of the PCP sold in the illicit market today contains other chemicals and will have a tint of brown to it, due to poor manufacturing.
Effects of PCP Use
The many behavioral side effects of PCP use can and will vary from dose to dose and user to user. When a small amount of PCP is taken, the person will feel effects such as: numbness in their extremities, loss of balance, slurred speech, and bloodshot eyes. When a moderate dose of the drug is taken, the user will experience analgesia and anesthesia. When a high dose of PCP is taken, the drug user will have convulsions, and could possibly die from the dose taken.
Psychologically, a PCP drug user will experience changes in body image, loss of ego boundaries, depersonalization, hallucinations, and euphoria. Some of the most dangerous aspect of this drug is that it does alter the mood of the user, causing them to become detached or extremely animated. A PCP user can and will act in some very unpredictable ways, and are normally driven by their own personal delusions and hallucinations caused by the drug.
These types of erratic behaviors have been known to cause PCP users to inflict injury on themselves and even commit suicide. It has also been seen for PCP users to attack others, and in the process, the user will feel less pain, and will continue the attack for a longer period of time. This is very dangerous because, at this point the user could experience an induced psychotic state, making the user completely unpredictable.
PCP Withdrawal Management
Typically, the best way to handle a person addicted to PCP coming off of PCP is to provide continuous care and support. It is recommended that the breathing, and body temperature of the person is controlled. In some cases, the individual would be treated for any psychiatric symptoms; however, it is not recommended that antipsychotics are used because it could react adversely with the drug itself. Normally, benzodiazepines are used to help with the agitation and prevention of seizures caused from the withdrawal.
Works Cited – Wikipedia 31 May, 2009 1 June, 2009 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phencyclidine>