Crack Cocaine Treatment Programs In The United States
Crack Cocaine is in the same family as cocaine. Crack cocaine, crack, or rock is a solid form of cocaine, which is smoked by the user. It is the freebase form of cocaine that is usually produced with baking soda or sodium hydroxide, in a process to convert powder cocaine into freebase cocaine. Crack cocaine causes an immediate reaction in the brain that will cause the user to experience euphoria, loss of appetite, insomnia, supreme confidence, alertness, and increased energy. It also brings to the individual a craving for more crack and potential paranoia when the individual stops using the drug. Using this drug will release a large amount of dopamine, a brain chemical that produces a feeling of euphoria. In addition, smoking crack cocaine releases methylecgonidine) which affects the lung, heart, and liver) into one's body, something, which snorting or injecting powder cocaine does not create.
Did you know this about crack cocaine?
It is a free based form of cocaine that can be smoked. It immediately affects the brain chemistry causing extreme euphoria, which is what leads addicts to continually chase the drug causing severe addiction.
Crack Cocaine addiction
Crack cocaine is by far the most addictive form of cocaine, and it is one of the most addictive forms of any legal or illegal drug. The intense desire to relive the initial high is what is so addictive for most crack users. Purer forms of crack will produce euphoria even after smoking diluted or fake crack cocaine for hours. One hit of real crack cocaine produces euphoria within seconds. Hours of depression or tweaking can be reversed with a single hit of actual crack cocaine. The memory of that kind of high can cause addicts to look for large amounts of crack, hoping for the real one.
Crack Cocaine statistic in the US
In the US, cocaine is a Schedule II drugs under the Controlled Substances Act since it has high addiction potential but, also carries a medicinal purpose. Under the DEA listing of schedule I substances, crack is not considered separate from cocaine since they are mainly the same drug compound but, just in different forms. Crack cocaine became very popular in 1985 due in part because of its almost instant high and also because it is really cheap to produce and buy. In 2001, 2% of students in college and 4.7% of people ages 19 to 28 reported using crack at least once in their lifetime. In 1988, about 300,000 babies were born addicted to cocaine and most of them to crack cocaine. This is where the term crack babies came from. In 1985, the approximate number of mothers addicted to drugs seen at New York's Bronx-Lebanon Hospital Center increased from 70 to 150; the number of cocaine addicted users within the 150 had jumped from 25 to 75%.
Is crack cocaine addictive?
Being one of the most powerful illegal drugs, crack cocaine leads to strong psychological dependence, which makes it very addictive. It leads to heightened euphoria after finding its way into the bloodstream. Tolerance is easily achievable due to which more and more is demanded by the user.
How to detox from Crack Cocaine
Most crack cocaine’s users will not voluntarily seek help; a family intervention may be necessary. Crack cocaine does not cause severe withdrawal symptoms, and the withdrawals will last two to three days. An inpatient detox is the best solution followed immediately by residential drug rehabilitation. Any wait time between detox and rehab will increase the risk of relapse.