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Information on Crack Cocaine Rehab & Detox

Last updated on: Thursday, 30 November 2023
  • What You'll Learn

Crack cocaine is highly addictive. To assist you in finding the proper help, DRS has created a comprehensive listing of detox, long-term rehab, and aftercare so a person can achieve and maintain sobriety. Below, you can choose your state and find rehabilitation programs that fit with your needs.

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Crack Cocaine Rehab

Treating crack cocaine addiction involves different steps. It’s common for people to go through detox, but this does not always occur since crack cocaine is often used in a binge and crash cycle with days or weeks of clean time.

A standard clinical detox is the best option as it can offer the necessary time to overcome any lingering withdrawal symptoms. This can include agitation, depression, intense craving for the drug, extreme fatigue, anxiety, angry outbursts, lack of motivation, nausea/vomiting, shaking, irritability, muscle pain, and disturbed sleep patterns. Withdrawal symptoms vary significantly with each person.

Substance use treatment for crack addiction should involve a residential program, whether short-term or long-term. Most crack cocaine users have long histories of addiction to the drug. A lengthy program is the best option because it allows adequate time to address underlying conditions and provide long-term sobriety.

Holistic substance use treatment is commonly used to treat crack cocaine addiction. These can range from yoga and meditation to art therapy, acupuncture, experiential therapy, and adventure and wilderness therapies. These therapies aim to help individuals manage stress, reduce cravings, and improve overall well-being physically, mentally, and spiritually.

Outpatient treatment can also be effective, yet this is best used as aftercare support. Other effective aftercare options include 12-step meetings, sober living homes, or transitional living.

Overcoming addiction to crack cocaine is a challenging journey, but with the right help and support, it is entirely possible.

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  • What type of drug is crack cocaine?

    Crack cocaine is a central nervous system stimulant drug. It is a concentrated form of cocaine that’s more easily smokeable. Ingesting crack cocaine produces rapid onset of intense euphoria, among other stimulating effects. The effects are incredibly short-lived, lasting only minutes at most.

  • What does crack cocaine look like?

    Crack cocaine is an off-white to yellowish substance with a waxy texture. It is often found in the form of “rocks,” dense clumps of the oily product that resemble small chunks of soap. It’s most commonly referred to as “crack” due to the crackling sound produced when the substance is burned to smoke.

  • How long does crack cocaine stay in your system?

    Crack cocaine and cocaine stay in the system for roughly one to three days at detectable levels in the urine. The range is influenced by how heavily the drug is consumed before cessation and the person’s unique body type and habits.

  • Why is crack so addictive?

    Crack is highly addictive due to the rapid onset and strength of its effects and how they’re brought about. Crack functions the same way as cocaine, sharply increasing dopamine uptake and producing a near-immediate and intense euphoria. Crack cocaine is one of the most addictive substances known to man, not for its physical effects but its ability to enslave a person mentally. The “crash” that follows the high can lead to extreme cravings for more crack that short-circuit rationality and judgment. Binge use is widespread with this drug since this cycle of getting high and crashing occurs over only a few minutes, and heavy users can consume thousands of dollars worth of crack in one sitting.

  • How is crack used?

    Crack is usually smoked via a method called “free-basing.” Users typically use a simple glass tube with a small piece of another material like a copper scouring pad shoved in one end. Crack may also be injected. However, the drug isn’t water-soluble, so this takes a bit of technical skill and chemistry and, therefore, is an uncommon method of consumption.

  • What is the best treatment for crack cocaine addiction?

    The ideal treatment option for crack cocaine addiction is a long-term inpatient program with lengthy aftercare support resources.

    A long-term program lasts three to twelve months. Short-term options are 28 to 60 days. Our experts recommend long-term care because the average crack cocaine user struggles with chronic relapse and has made multiple attempts to achieve sobriety. Relapse rates are high with crack cocaine.

    Aftercare support would involve ongoing peer support meetings, 12-step meetings, and or sober living homes. The first year of sobriety is crucial, and most relapse occurs within a month of leaving treatment.

    The longer someone remains connected to sober people and a support network, the better their chance of staying sober during that first year.

    Our directory lists available options in your state. In addition, contact your local Medicaid office or health insurance provider to find out what is available.

  • Want to know more?

    The questions from Addicted.org’s “Learn from our Experts” are answered by Michael Leach, CCMA. If you need further clarification on any of the questions above or have any other questions you can contact him directly at mike@addicted.org.

TIPS: How to Help a Loved One Addicted to Crack Cocaine

  1. Learn about crack cocaine abuse and addiction. Understanding what crack cocaine does to the body and mind is crucial and how a crack cocaine addict behaves is crucial. Learning about the treatment options for crack cocaine abuse and addiction is also helpful. Speaking to a professional such as one of our referral specialists can help you understand the treatment steps recommended for crack addiction and available treatments in your area.
  2. Let them know that you are there to support them and that you are here to help them. When having a conversation concerning their crack cocaine problem, make sure they are sober. Encourage them to get treated, as it will only worsen if this continues. This conversation should not be confrontational, but it should be honest.
  3. Do not enable the addict. As you support your loved one, it is essential not to let this become enabling behavior. It is crucial to support the person, but just as important to not support their crack addiction. Boundaries should be set to show the person that his crack cocaine abuse will not be tolerated. This can include cutting off all financial assistance, for example. It is crucial to uphold these boundaries. The same concept applies to consequences. As you let the person know of the consequences they will face if they keep using crack cocaine, follow through with the consequences. Although it may seem unkind, you are helping the person. The real enemy is addiction.
  4. Persist in communicating with your loved one about their crack cocaine problem and getting help. If talking to them is getting you nowhere, you can hire a professional interventionist. Some rehabilitation facilities will provide an interventionist to help with the process. An intervention is a specific process with steps designed to make the person realize they have a problem and need treatment.
  5. In all of this, it is essential to remember that the addict is responsible for their actions. However, many of the individual’s destructive behaviors are related to their addiction. Who they were before their addiction is who they are. The only true help for them is to treat their addiction.

Common Terminology Surrounding Crack Cocaine

Term
Definition
Crack bugs
a tactile hallucination that makes the person feel like bugs are crawling on or below their skin. The user might pick or scratch at their skin to get rid of the bugs.
Crack house
a place (house, apartment) where people produce, sell, and consume crack cocaine.
Crack lung
a set of symptoms that occurs because of lung inflammation caused by smoking crack. Some of the symptoms are chest pain, difficulty breathing, coughing, and fever.
Rock
a street name for crack cocaine. A person will also buy crack cocaine by the rock (not according to weight), in many places a rock is about 0.1g of crack cocaine, but this can vary greatly.
Schedule II
a drug classification that implies that the drug has a high potential for abuse and that it can lead to severe psychological or physical dependence. Crack cocaine is a Schedule II drug.
Stimulant
a substance that increases the nervous and physiological activity in the brain and/or body.

CONTRIBUTORS TO THIS ARTICLE

Author

AUTHOR

More Information

Marcel Gemme has been helping people struggling with addiction for over 19 years. He first started as an intake counselor for a drug rehabilitation center in 2000. During his 5 years as an intake counselor, he helped many addicts get the treatment they needed. He also dealt with the families and friends of those people; he saw first-hand how much strain addiction puts on a family and how it can tear relationships apart. With drug and alcohol problems constantly on the rise in the United States and Canada, he decided to use the Internet as a way to educate and help many more people in both those countries. This was 15 years ago. Since then, Marcel has built two of the largest websites in the U.S. and Canada which reach and help millions of people each year. He is an author and a leader in the field of drug and alcohol addiction. His main focus is threefold: education, prevention and rehabilitation. To this day, he still strives to be at the forefront of technology in order to help more and more people. He is a Licensed Drug and Alcohol Treatment Specialist graduate with Honours of Stratford Career Institute. Marcel has also received a certificate from Harvard for completing a course entitled The Opioid Crisis in America and a certificate from The University of Adelaide for completing a course entitled AddictionX: Managing Addiction: A Framework for Succesful Treatment.

Reviewer

MEDICAL REVIEWER

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Michael Leach is a Certified Clinical Medical Assistant, who has over 5 years of experience working in the field of addiction. He spent his career working under the board-certified Addictionologist Dr. Rohit Adi. His experience includes working with families during their loved one’s stay in treatment, helping those with substance abuse issues find treatment, and teaching life skills to patients in a recovery atmosphere. Though he has worked in many different areas of rehabilitation, the majority of his time was spent working one on one with patients who were actively withdrawing from drugs. Withdrawal and the fear of going through it is one biggest reason why an addict continues to use and can be the most difficult part of the rehabilitation process. His experience in the withdrawal atmosphere has taught him that regardless of what approach a person takes to get off drugs, there are always mental and emotional obstacles that need to be overcome. He believes having someone there to help a person through these obstacles can make all the difference during the withdrawal process.