Dexedrine is a psychostimulant called Dextroamphetamine that creates the effects of being more awake and focuses and decreases fatigue and appetite. There are drugs that have the same properties that are amphetamine`s basis. Dexedrine is kind of the "right-hander" of the amphetamine molecule. Dexedrine and other amphetamine have a high potential for misuse. It should not be used with a patient who has a history of drug abuse. Ritalin is a stimulant, working much the same way as speed or amphetamines on the body and brain chemistry. There have been so many problems reported with Ritalin use that it is surprising that it is still on the market, especially for children's usage. Withdrawal from Ritalin is particularly dangerous. Anyone who becomes addicted to Ritalin or Dexedrine should seek help at a drug rehabilitation center. Normally, an addiction assessment will be done to determine the best course of treatment, and a detoxification program would probably be the first step.
WHY IS DETOX NEEDED FOR DEXEDRINE, ISN'T IT A PRESCRIBED MEDICINE?
1. Detox is a safe and controlled method of reducing or stopping the use of an addictive substance. In the case of Dexedrine or Ritalin, its use and withdrawals can cause psychotic episodes that resemble schizophrenia. You need to be safe and not subject to being incarcerated into a mental institution for a mental illness you don't really have.
2. Dexedrine or Ritalin use and its withdrawal can cause coma, heart attack, and severe blood pressure changes. You may wish to taper slowly off under a doctor's supervision. If medical problems are indicated it is best to seek care in a medically monitored detox facility. The roughest way to go is cold turkey, and for the reasons above, it is not indicated as a recommended detox method.
3. Opposite to the overstimulation that Dexedrine or Ritalin imposes on the body, withdrawals can cause severe lingering depression leading to suicidal thoughts. You want to be in a safe place where these symptoms would be watched for.
WITHDRAWAL SYMPTOMS THAT MAY OCCUR DURING DETOX
- Nightmares and extended restless sleep, lethargy
- Deep lingering depression leading to suicidal thoughts
- Anger and aggressive or violent behavior
Amphetamine was first synthesized in 1883 in Germany and was called phenylhydroxylamine at that time. It has been invented by Lazar Edeleanu, who was Romanian. It did not get widespread on the pharmaceutical network until 1932 as a broncho inhaler. A few years later, it was marketed in the U.S. as Dexedrine on a tablet form.
Dexedrine has been used by militaries as the "go pill" given mainly to pilots on long missions. A large percentage of college students in the United States use Dexedrine as a party drug for its euphoria effects.
These are some of the common physical side effects of Dexedrine:
|Aphasia||Dizziness||Loss of appetite|
|Arrhythmias||Dry and/or itchy skin||Numbness|
|Blurred vision||Dry mouth||Pallor|
These are the psychological effects of Dexedrine:
|Altered libido||Increased energy|
|Amphetamine psychosis||Increased psychomotor|
|Excessive feeling of power||Obsessive behavior|
|Feeling of being superior||Paranoia|
|Increased alterness||Withdrawal symptoms|
Symptoms of overdose are panic, hallucination, aggressive, confused, restlessness, tremor, hyperreflexia (overstimulation of involuntary nervous system, ie blood pressure, twitching, etc.), and tachypnea (rapid breathing). Dilated pupils are a sign that the person has used a high dose of Dexedrine. Psychosis is also a sign of high dosage. Watch to not become addicted to Dexedrine.
Other names for Dexedrine
Dexedrine is also named or contained in the following medications:
- Adderal (72%)
Methylphenidate, which is normally prescribed for therapeutic purposes, increases the activity in the central nervous system. The most common effects of the drug are increased alertness and will help prevent fatigue and improve attention. It is also used to treat ADHD, narcolepsy, and depressions; however, very little research has been done on the effects of treating depression. Ritalin has as well shown some benefits as a replacement treatment for a crystal meth addiction. Some research has also shown that is could potentially treat autism. Initial tests for the drug were done on rats with ADHD like symptoms to assess the overall safety of the drug on humans.
Normally, the side effects do come forward during the long-term use of the drug, as well as the prolonged use of it. Unfortunately, very little research has been done on both the long-term and chronic use of Ritalin. The side effects, which may occur, are the following:
- Growth retardation
- Blood pressure & pulse changes
- Cardiac arrhythmia
- Abdominal pain
- Addiction Nervousness
- Weight loss
LONG-TERM USE OF RITALIN
The long-term effects of this drug such as drug addiction, withdrawal, psychosis, and depression have all received very little research when people are addicted to Ritalin. A study was done amongst children who were prescribed the drug. Out of 100 children studied and who received the drug, 6% of them became psychotic after just months and even years of use. Through the years, Ritalin has been on the market there have been many controversies brought forward about the long-term use of the drug, and possibly dangerous effects. Such effects as:
- Psychotic symptoms
- Hearing voices
- Tolerance and behavioral sensation
All of these effects have been known to occur; however, very little research has been done on this particular topic.
OVERDOSE AND ABUSE
In 2004, there were over 8000 overdoses reported to the US Poison control center. The most common reason given as to why the overdose occurred was suicide and drug addiction. The most common ways of abusing Ritalin is to crush up the pills and either snort them or through injection. When these methods of use are taken underway, the user will experience the same effects as cocaine; however, more potent than cocaine. In the USA, Ritalin is classified as a Schedule II controlled substance, and is recognized for its medical use, but has a high potential for dependency.