Dexedrine & Ritalin Detoxification and Rehabilitation Centers in the United States

Created On Friday, 27, November 2009
Modified On Friday, 10, September 2021

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Dexedrine is a psychostimulant called Dextroamphetamine that creates the effects of being more awake and focuses and decreases fatigue and appetite. There are drugs that have the same properties that are amphetamine`s basis. Dexedrine is kind of the "right-hander" of the amphetamine molecule. Dexedrine and other amphetamine have a high potential for misuse. It should not be used with a patient who has a history of drug abuse. Ritalin is a stimulant, working much the same way as speed or amphetamines on the body and brain chemistry. There have been so many problems reported with Ritalin use that it is surprising that it is still on the market, especially for children's usage. Withdrawal from Ritalin is particularly dangerous. Anyone who becomes addicted to Ritalin or Dexedrine should seek help at a drug rehabilitation center. Normally, an addiction assessment will be done to determine the best course of treatment, and a detoxification program would probably be the first step.

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WHY IS DETOX NEEDED FOR DEXEDRINE, ISN'T IT A PRESCRIBED MEDICINE?

1. Detox is a safe and controlled method of reducing or stopping the use of an addictive substance. In the case of Dexedrine or Ritalin, its use and withdrawals can cause psychotic episodes that resemble schizophrenia. You need to be safe and not subject to being incarcerated into a mental institution for a mental illness you don't really have.

2. Dexedrine or Ritalin use and its withdrawal can cause coma, heart attack, and severe blood pressure changes. You may wish to taper slowly off under a doctor's supervision. If medical problems are indicated it is best to seek care in a medically monitored detox facility. The roughest way to go is cold turkey, and for the reasons above, it is not indicated as a recommended detox method.

3. Opposite to the overstimulation that Dexedrine or Ritalin imposes on the body, withdrawals can cause severe lingering depression leading to suicidal thoughts. You want to be in a safe place where these symptoms would be watched for.

WITHDRAWAL SYMPTOMS THAT MAY OCCUR DURING DETOX

  • Nightmares and extended restless sleep, lethargy
  • Deep lingering depression leading to suicidal thoughts
  • Anger and aggressive or violent behavior

Dexedrine history

Amphetamine was first synthesized in 1883 in Germany and was called phenylhydroxylamine at that time. It has been invented by Lazar Edeleanu, who was Romanian. It did not get widespread on the pharmaceutical network until 1932 as a broncho inhaler. A few years later, it was marketed in the U.S. as Dexedrine on a tablet form.

Dexedrine has been used by militaries as the "go pill" given mainly to pilots on long missions. A large percentage of college students in the United States use Dexedrine as a party drug for its euphoria effects.

These are some of the common physical side effects of Dexedrine:

Acne Diarrhea Hypotension
Anorexia Dilated pupils Insomnia
Aphasia Dizziness Loss of appetite
Arrhythmias Dry and/or itchy skin Numbness
Blurred vision Dry mouth Pallor
Bradycardia Fever Palpitations
Coma stroke Flushing Restlessness
Constipation Headache Tachycardia
Convulsions Heart attack Tachypnea
Death Hyperactivity Tremors
Diaphrosesis Hypertension Twitches


These are the psychological effects of Dexedrine:

Altered libido Increased energy
Amphetamine psychosis Increased psychomotor
Anxiety Increased self-awareness
Arrogant More agressive
Euphoria More irritability
Excessive feeling of power Obsessive behavior
Feeling of being superior Paranoia
Increased alterness Withdrawal symptoms

Overdose

Symptoms of overdose are panic, hallucination, aggressive, confused, restlessness, tremor, hyperreflexia (overstimulation of involuntary nervous system, ie blood pressure, twitching, etc.), and tachypnea (rapid breathing). Dilated pupils are a sign that the person has used a high dose of Dexedrine. Psychosis is also a sign of high dosage. Watch to not become addicted to Dexedrine.

Other names for Dexedrine

Dexedrine is also named or contained in the following medications:

  • D-amphetamine
  • Dexamphetamine
  • Dextrostat
  • Vyvanse
  • Adderal (72%)
  • Clobenzorex
  • Benzphetamine
  • Amphetaminil

USED THERAPEUTICALLY

Methylphenidate, which is normally prescribed for therapeutic purposes, increases the activity in the central nervous system. The most common effects of the drug are increased alertness and will help prevent fatigue and improve attention. It is also used to treat ADHD, narcolepsy, and depressions; however, very little research has been done on the effects of treating depression. Ritalin has as well shown some benefits as a replacement treatment for a crystal meth addiction. Some research has also shown that is could potentially treat autism. Initial tests for the drug were done on rats with ADHD like symptoms to assess the overall safety of the drug on humans.

SIDE EFFECTS

Normally, the side effects do come forward during the long-term use of the drug, as well as the prolonged use of it. Unfortunately, very little research has been done on both the long-term and chronic use of Ritalin. The side effects, which may occur, are the following:

  • Growth retardation
  • Headache
  • Blood pressure & pulse changes
  • Cardiac arrhythmia
  • Abdominal pain
  • Addiction Nervousness
  • Insomnia
  • Weight loss
  • Seizures

LONG-TERM USE OF RITALIN

The long-term effects of this drug such as drug addiction, withdrawal, psychosis, and depression have all received very little research when people are addicted to Ritalin. A study was done amongst children who were prescribed the drug. Out of 100 children studied and who received the drug, 6% of them became psychotic after just months and even years of use. Through the years, Ritalin has been on the market there have been many controversies brought forward about the long-term use of the drug, and possibly dangerous effects. Such effects as:

  • Paranoia
  • Schizophrenia
  • Psychotic symptoms
  • Hearing voices
  • Hallucinations
  • Tolerance and behavioral sensation

All of these effects have been known to occur; however, very little research has been done on this particular topic.

OVERDOSE AND ABUSE

In 2004, there were over 8000 overdoses reported to the US Poison control center. The most common reason given as to why the overdose occurred was suicide and drug addiction. The most common ways of abusing Ritalin is to crush up the pills and either snort them or through injection. When these methods of use are taken underway, the user will experience the same effects as cocaine; however, more potent than cocaine. In the USA, Ritalin is classified as a Schedule II controlled substance, and is recognized for its medical use, but has a high potential for dependency.

CONTRIBUTORS TO THIS ARTICLE

Marcel Gemme, DATS - Author

More Information

Marcel Gemme has been helping people struggling with addiction for over 19 years. He first started as an intake counselor for a drug rehabilitation center in 2000. During his 5 years as an intake counselor, he helped many addicts get the treatment they needed. He also dealt with the families and friends of those people; he saw first-hand how much strain addiction puts on a family and how it can tear relationships apart. With drug and alcohol problems constantly on the rise in the United States and Canada, he decided to use the Internet as a way to educate and help many more people in both those countries. This was 15 years ago. Since then, Marcel has built two of the largest websites in the U.S. and Canada which reach and help millions of people each year. He is an author and a leader in the field of drug and alcohol addiction. His main focus is threefold: education, prevention and rehabilitation. To this day, he still strives to be at the forefront of technology in order to help more and more people. He is a Licensed Drug and Alcohol Treatment Specialist graduate with Honours of Stratford Career Institute. Marcel has also received a certificate from Harvard for completing a course entitled The Opioid Crisis in America and a certificate from The University of Adelaide for completing a course entitled AddictionX: Managing Addiction: A Framework for Succesful Treatment.

Truth about Ritalin