When someone is diagnosed with a disease like HIV/AIDS, they may turn to self-medication, such as abusing illegal drugs. Drug addiction in the state of California is a continuous problem that many people struggle with. Unfortunately, for some, HIV/AIDS was contracted because of the addiction. Intravenous drug use will increase the chances of contracting diseases like HIV/AIDS. To properly treat an addiction, an addict must attend one of the many different drug rehab programs in the state. Some of these addiction treatment facilities in California will be able to help addicts who have HIV/AIDS and who are also addicted to drugs. The drug rehabilitation process will be different for each person, but both long-term and short-term options are available in California to help addicts. Choosing the right treatment is important, and a residential drug rehab is a successful option for most addicts.
Substance Abuse and HIV/AIDS in California
Between 2012 and 2016, the annual number and rate of new HIV diagnoses in California declined, per the California Department of Public Health (CDPH). The number of new diagnoses declined by around 2.8% from over 5,200 in 2012 to over 5,000 in 2016. From 2012 to 2016, the number of people living in California with HIV infection increased from 121,000 to 132,000. The rate of diagnosed HIV infection in 2016 was 336.4 per 100,000 population, whereas, in 2012, it was 319.1 per 100,000 population. The annual number of deaths during those years due to HIV infection increased from 1,638 in 2012 to 1,718 in 2016.
Unfortunately, substance abuse and addiction are common among people who are diagnosed with HIV. Approximately 50% of persons living with HIV/AIDS have reported current or past histories of drug and alcohol abuse. Some of the dangerous health risks and behaviors associated with substance abuse include immunosuppression, increased sexual risk behaviors, and an increased burden on the health care system. HIV drug users in California have a higher rate of mortality than non-HIV drug users within the state. Typically, someone who is diagnosed with HIV will underutilize substance use treatment. Substance abuse treatment programs are particularly important for someone who is diagnosed with HIV.