Synthetic Cathinone or Bath Salt Drug Abuse in California
Bath salts are manmade drugs or synthetic drugs manufactured to mimic the effects of other drugs. Bath salts are also commonly referred to as synthetic cathinones because of their similarity to natural cathinones, which are derived from the khat plant that is found in Africa. There are a variety of different chemicals used to make these drugs, and bath salts are classified as a Schedule I drug by the Drug Enforcement Agency. The chemical structure of bath salts is similar to other stimulants such as meth or cocaine. However, bath salts produce a hallucinogenic effect along with intense euphoria. Bath salts fall within the category of drugs similar to stimulants. Bath salts can be ten times more powerful than cocaine, and create a variety of mental and physical effects. These effects include clouded thinking, dizziness, euphoria, increased heart rate, intense nausea, intoxication, reduced motor control, and vomiting.
Bath salts will also cause agitation, excited delirium, hallucinations, violent behavior, panic attacks, paranoia, and suicidal thoughts. Synthetic drugs, such as bath salts, are prevalent among adolescents and young adults. In 2014 the University of California did a study to analyze bath salt products purchased from California stores and the internet. The drug was purchased in person at six retail stores in California and over the internet. Thirty-five bath salts products were obtained and analyzed, and most products had a warning against using it. When the drugs were tested, the majority had multiple cathinones present, and 14 different cathinones were identified. The test results revealed high stimulant content and dramatic differences in total cathinones or synthetic stimulant content.