Drug and alcohol rehabilitation centers and detoxification for solvents are available in the United States. One would normally start with detoxification and then would attend a substance abuse treatment, whether an inpatient drug rehab, or an outpatient one. Solvents are any type of liquid that becomes a gas at room temperature. Solvents are part of a larger group of inhalants, which are inhaled to produce the desired effects. This includes aerosol sprays, gases, and nitrates. Many of these solvents or inhalants are easily purchased anywhere and are commonly found in the home. Inhalants contain dangerous substances containing psychoactive properties when they are inhaled into the body. Unfortunately, many of these solvents are used by children, such as young and older teens. When someone uses an inhalant, they breathe in the fumes through their nose or mouth. For example, spray paint is sprayed into a sock or paper bag, and the fumes are then huffed out from the bag to create the high.
The repeated use of solvents does result in addiction, which must be treated with detox and therapy. The withdrawal symptoms can include nausea, loss of appetite, sweating, problems sleeping, and mood changes. The average detox program in the United States can help a solvent user overcome his or her addiction. It is also important to attend some type of drug and alcohol rehabilitation program, such as inpatient or outpatient treatment. Regardless of the type of therapy sought out, it is important to address the underlying issues connected to the addiction. If an addict does not discover the reasons why they started to abuse drugs, their addiction will simply continue.
The effects of solvents or inhalants only last for a few minutes, but they cause serious damage to the brain. Solvents can include the following house-hold or industrial products: paint thinners, gasoline, dry-cleaning fluids, and lighter fluids, felt-tip markers, glue, and correction fluids. Aerosols would include spray paints, deodorant sprays, hair spray, computer cleaning products, and oil sprays. Gases that are inhaled include butane lighters, propane, whipped cream aerosols, ether, and nitrous oxide. Nitrates are things like room odorizer, leather cleaner, and liquid aroma. Many products are found in most households, which is why they pose a risk to children and teens.
Inhalants affect the brain in many ways, and in fact, end up doing extensive damage over the long-term. The short-term effects are similar to what alcohol would produce and include slurred and distorted speech, lack of coordination, euphoria, and dizziness. Some users can experience hallucinations and delusions. The repeated use of these substances creates a feeling of less self-conscious, and a loss of control. The long-term use of inhalants causes extensive harm to the body and mind. Heavy users of inhalants will have liver and kidney damage, hearing loss, bone marrow damage, brain damage, and delayed behavioral development. It is also possible to overdose on these chemicals, resulting in a seizure or coma. Most solvents such as aerosol sprays are highly concentrated and contain many chemicals. For example, just by sniffing some of these products, your heart can stop instantly, resulting in brain damage, or death if not revived through medical intervention.