Fentanyl is a synthetic opioid that is extremely powerful and potent, and it can potentially cause so much damage. Although fentanyl is approximately 100 times more potent than morphine, the side effects are similar for both drugs, and they include dizziness, sedation, pupillary constriction, drowsiness, euphoria, and respiratory depression. The Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) categorizes fentanyl as a Schedule II controlled substance, which means it has a high potential for abuse and is a dangerous drug. Such drugs as cocaine and heroin will be laced with non-pharmaceutical fentanyl, which adds to the danger of abusing drugs. Heroin addicts are at greater risk right now within the United States because heroin can be laced with fentanyl. Non-pharmaceutical fentanyl is manufactured to give the same high as heroin but is 50 times more potent than heroin. People struggling with opiate addiction living within the state of New Hampshire should seek out help immediately. Fentanyl addiction can be treated at the many different drug rehab facilities located throughout NH. Medical detox or some type of medically supervised withdrawal program can help opiate users slowly taper down from their drug of choice. Both inpatient and outpatient drug rehab are suitable for opiate users, but the process will not be easy, and it will take work.
Fentanyl Information, Statistics, and Tips to Stay Safe
Tips to Combat Fentanyl Abuse
- Never stop taking medication without consulting a doctor.
- Consider joining a support group to help you with your addiction.
- Look for medical detox programs specialized in opioid detox.
- If you have a loved one or an employee who you know is abusing opioids, keep naloxone handy.
- Be aware of signs of overdose. If you see one of your friends blacking out, or showing other severe side effects, get help immediately.
Treating opioid addiction is a challenging process because the withdrawal symptoms vary for most patients. Opioid withdrawal refers to a wide range of symptoms, and there are often different underlying factors that contribute. For example, the frequency of use and the milligram dosage determines the extent of the withdrawal symptoms. Opioid users who are taking large amounts of the drug will struggle more than those who are consuming smaller amounts. The frequency of use is also key because someone who is taking pain medication multiple times a day will have a more difficult time than someone who is using it once a day. Furthermore, underlying medical issues such as heart problems, diabetes, or other medical problems will contribute to a more difficult withdrawal process. Typically, opioid withdrawal can last about ten days, but it can take longer. Most of the severe symptoms may last for a few days and begin to taper off. However, every situation is different for each person.
Withdrawal management is the first step taken for treatment, and the process typically involves medication when treating opioid addiction. The medication is used to control the withdrawal symptoms. Standard delivery methods for treatment are medication-assisted treatment or an opioid treatment program. Most drug users or even their families will receive an initial assessment to determine the extent of the addiction or dependence. The evaluation is a beneficial process and also helps narrow down treatment options. However, medication-assisted treatment alone does not sustain sobriety. Relying on medication to maintain long-lasting sobriety may not always be the best approach to take. Ideally, the goal should be to become drug-free and not have to rely on other drugs. Well-rounded treatment is essential because it provides the necessary behavioral counseling and therapy. There is a broad treatment setting in New Hampshire. Some of the services include partial hospitalization, inpatient hospital treatment, intensive outpatient, and residential drug rehab programs.
Fentanyl Addiction and Opioid Abuse Prevention in New Hampshire
The state of New Hampshire has a Prescription Drug Monitoring Program that collects controlled substance data. The information includes the prescribed drug, the recipient of the prescribed medication, the health care provider who wrote the prescription and the pharmacy that dispensed the prescription. In 2018 there were over 16,400 registered users of the PDMP, which was a 24% increase from 2017. These programs are beneficial because they prevent drug diversion, over-prescribing, and prescription drug addiction. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in 2018, the opioid prescribing rate in New Hampshire was 46.1 opioid prescriptions per 100 persons. At that same time, the national opioid prescribing rate was 51.4 opioid prescriptions per 100 persons. Opioid overdose and addiction prevention efforts are essential, and the state has begun to increase access to treatment, such as proper rehabilitation for someone struggling with addiction to opioids or pain medication, such as fentanyl.
In New Hampshire, fentanyl has been a concerning issue for a while now. It has caused many deaths and led to many arrests. For instance, in August 2019, a man from Nashua pleaded guilty to possession of fentanyl with intent to distribute, after Nashua Police proceeded to a traffic search and later searched his vehicle to find more than 15 grams of fentanyl. Additionally, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), there were 30 deaths involving synthetic opioids (predominantly fentanyl) in 2012, and by 2017, that number was 374 deaths, which is quite a steep rise. This confirms that the problem of fentanyl abuse is present in New Hampshire and that it is important for treatment programs and services to be made available within the state for fentanyl addiction.