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Opioids Medical Detox Programs by State

Opioids Medical Detox Programs by State

Opiates/Opioids Detox & Treatment Programs in the United States

Are opiates addictive?

Opiate is a component found in heroin, morphine, and hydrocodone. As it's known that heroin and morphine are highly addictive drugs, so are opiates; since it is found in them. Excessive abuse of opiates leads to addiction and withdrawal can result in severe depression and a sick feeling.

In 2017, per the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there were over 70,000 drug-related overdose deaths in the nation. The age-adjusted rate of overdose deaths increased by 9.6% from 2016 to 2017. Opioids were the primary cause of the increase in overdose-related deaths and were involved in over 47,000 drug-related deaths. The states with the highest rate of drug overdose deaths in 2017 were West Virginia, Ohio, Pennsylvania, the District of Columbia, and Kentucky. Many states also saw significant increases in overdose-related deaths. States such as Alabama, Arizona, Michigan, California, New York, and Tennessee, for example.

What are opioids?

Opioids are any drugs that act on the opioid receptors throughout the brain, and are commonly used to treat varying levels of pain. Other uses for opioids include as an anesthesia, treating opioid use disorder, preventing opioid overdose, and suppressing cough, and are often used to alleviate withdrawal symptoms. Opiates are also included in Opioids; opiates are just an older term that is used to describe drugs that are derived from opium such as heroin and morphine, or are a derivative of opium such as chemically synthesized drugs. Opioids can fall into classifications of drugs such as semi-synthetic and synthetic, which are drugs created through a chemical synthesis, and can include drugs such as hydrocodone, oxycodone, and fentanyl. There are also opioid antagonist drugs, which are not narcotics, but help prevent opioid overdose, and this includes drugs such as Naloxone. The most common use for opioids is to treat pain such as acute pain and chronic pain, and are also commonly found in prescription cough suppressants.

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services reported in 2016 that over 100 people were dying every day because of an opioid-related overdose, and over 11 million people misused prescription opioids. Within that year, over 40,000 people died from an opioid overdose, and this has been on the rise as of late; and over two million people reported having an opioid use disorder. Other statistics included over two million people did misuse prescription opioids for the first time; over 15,000 deaths were connected to commonly prescribed opioids, and close to 20,000 deaths were attributed to synthetic opioids. This epidemic and crisis have only gotten worse, and the economic costs are well over 500 billion dollars. All throughout the United States people are becoming addicted to and being prescribed these drugs every day.

What are different names for opioids?

Some of the generic Definition of the word generic and brand names for both synthetic and semi-synthetic opioids include the following:

  • Oxycodone; some of the brand names are OxyContin, Percodan, and Percocet.
  • Hydrocodone, which is typically used in combination drugs to treat cough, and pain. Some of the brand names include Vicodin, Lortab, and Lorcet
  • Morphine, which is made from opium, and some of its brand names include Kadian, Avinza, and MS Contin.
  • Codeine, which is a pain medication, but is also used as a combination drug with acetaminophen, and aspirin.
  • Fentanyl; this drug has been at the fore-front of the opioid epidemic throughout North America, causing countless overdose deaths each year. Fentanyl is often prescribed to chronic pain cases who have such a high tolerance for everything, and Fentanyl is the only drug that will work.
  • Hydromorphone, which is also known as Dilaudid, and is a commonly prescribed pain medication.
  • Meperidine, which is also known as Demerol, and is regularly prescribed throughout the United States.
  • Oxymorphone, or also known as Opana, and is a pain medication.

Substance Abuse Treatment for Addiction to Opioids

The treatment of pain is necessary to help a person maintain a comfortable life and assist with them being able to function normally. The treatment of opioid addiction is a serious business, because it can be a very difficult to fully recover from long-term addictions. Throughout the United States, are thousands of drug rehabilitation and treatment services; private, state operated, federally funded, and volunteer and non-profit organizations. The first step that any opioid addict should take is to locate a medical detox, or seek out help through a hospital inpatient program. Withdrawal pain is one of the primary reasons why opioid addicts do not attempt at becoming sober; the discomfort and pain can be dangerous and too much to handle. Medical detox will help alleviate withdrawal symptoms, and assist with a smooth transition into a drug treatment center. Residential drug and alcohol rehabilitation, or a residential program for opioid abuse will be the best option. Inpatient care, especially programs that can last two to three months, will provide more opportunities to address all the underlying issues and physical and mental-health problems that may be connected to the addiction. This same process can be applied to an opioid dependency because of a prescription, but medical detox or an opioid withdrawal program is first.

How long will opiates show up on a drug test?

The most effective drug test for the detection of opiates is the saliva test; it yields positive results for up to 4 days. It can, however, be detected in hair follicles for up to 90 days, in blood for about 48 hours, and in urine for just 24 hours.

How to detox from Opiates

Opiates, whether they are cocaine or heroin, will all be a different experience during a detox. It is always recommended that an opiate user consults with an addiction's specialist or healthcare professional prior to any form of detox. Opiate withdrawal symptoms are managed differently for each type of drug.

How long do opiates stay in your system?

The half-life of opium is 1-9 hours, which depends on the quantity ingested. It can be tested in a few ways:

  • Urine tests: can be detected up to 48 hours
  • Blood tests: can be detected up to 12 hours
  • Hair tests: can be detected up to 10 days
  • Saliva tests: can be detected up to 30 hours

Works Cited

About the Opioid Epidemic - https://www.hhs.gov/ February, 24, 2018

Opioid - https://en.wikipedia.org/ February 24, 2018

RX Pain Medications, Know the Options, Get the Facts - https://store.samhsa.gov/ February 24, 2018

CONTRIBUTORS TO THIS ARTICLE


marcel gemme author

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Marcel Gemme

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Marcel Gemme has been helping people struggling with addiction for over 19 years. He first started as an intake counselor for a drug rehabilitation center in 2000. During his 5 years as an intake counselor, he helped many addicts get the treatment they needed. He also dealt with the families and friends of those people; he saw first-hand how much strain addiction puts on a family and how it can tear relationships apart. With drug and alcohol problems constantly on the rise in the United States and Canada, he decided to use the Internet as a way to educate and help many more people in both those countries. This was 15 years ago. Since then, Marcel has built two of the largest websites in the U.S. and Canada which reach and help millions of people each year. He is an author and a leader in the field of drug and alcohol addiction. His main focus is threefold: education, prevention and rehabilitation. To this day, he still strives to be at the forefront of technology in order to help more and more people.