Ritalin Treatment (methylphenidate) In the United States
This particular drug is a very commonly prescribed psycho stimulant, and is used to treat some brain disorders, such as: ADHD, narcolepsy, and depression. The drug is a very strong and potent central nervous system stimulant, and it is also derived from the drug amphetamine .
Did you know this about Ritalin?
Ritalin is a central nervous system stimulant, and is used in the treatment of some mental disorders. The American Association of Poison Control Centers reported over 8000 dangerous ingestions of this drug, and it has been linked in many cases of abuse, as the drug can be crushed, snorted, and or injected.
Methylphenidate, which is normally prescribed for therapeutic purposes, increases the activity in the central nervous system. The most common effects of the drug are, increased alertness, and will help prevent fatigue, and improve attention. It is also used to treat ADHD, narcolepsy, and depressions; however, very little research has been done on the effects of treating depression. Ritalin has as well shown some benefits as a replacement treatment for a crystal meth addiction. Some research has also shown that is could potentially treat autism. Initial tests for the drug were done on rats with ADHD like symptoms to assess the overall safety of the drug on humans.
Is Ritalin addictive?
Generally not an addictive drug, the use of Ritalin is usually started in small doses. However, it is increased up until ADHD is controlled. However, if it is abused, the risk of addiction is higher since they will often inject/snort bigger quantities of Ritalin than the normal dose.
How to detox from Ritalin
Ritalin is an addictive drug and requires a period of tapering off the substance. If the drug is being used for a legitimate reason, speak with the prescribing doctor to taper off. If the drug is being abused, conventional detox programs will be equipped to treat any withdrawal symptoms.
Normally, the side effects do come forward during the long-term use of the drug, as well as the prolonged use of it. Unfortunately, very little research has been done on both the long-term and chronic use of Ritalin. The side effects, which may occur, are the following:
- Growth retardation
- Blood pressure & pulse changes
- Cardiac arrhythmia
- Abdominal pain
- Addiction Nervousness
- Weight loss
Long-Term Use of Ritalin
The long-term effects of this drug such as, drug addiction, withdrawal, psychosis, and depression have all received very little research when people are addicted to ritalin. A study was done amongst children whom were prescribed the drug. Out of 100 children studied and who received the drug, 6% of them became psychotic after just months and even years of use. Through the years, Ritalin has been on the market there have been many controversies brought forward about the long-term use of the drug, and possible dangerous effects. Such effects as:
- Psychotic symptoms
- Hearing voices
- Tolerance and behavioral sensation
All of these effects have been known to occur; however, very little research has been done into this particular topic.
Overdose and Abuse
In 2004, there were over 8000 overdoses reported to the US Poison control center. The most common reason given as to why the overdose occurred was, suicide and drug addiction. The most common ways of abusing ritalin is to crush up the pills and either snort them or through injection. When these methods of use are taken underway, the user will experience the same effects as cocaine; however, more potent then cocaine. In the USA, Ritalin is classified as a Schedule II controlled substance, and is recognized for it medical use, but has a high potential for dependency.
Works cited – Wikipedia 4 June, 2009, 4 June, 2009 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Methylphenidate