Throughout the state of Washington are many different detox facilities, and centers set up to help addicts detox and withdrawal off of any drug and or alcohol problem they may be facing. This also includes methadone detox centers, which are specifically set up to help methadone users withdraw off of the methadone they are taking. If an addict is on a large amount of methadone they will require a long period of time to detox off of it, as the withdrawal symptoms will get worse the less methadone they are taking. At this point, the user will typically be prescribed other medications to help alleviate the withdrawal symptoms, and by the end of this process the addict should be completely drug-free and look to enter into a drug and alcohol rehabilitation program. Methadone detox is only the first step in helping an addict becoming entirely drug and alcohol-free. The detox will help them get clean, but the actual drug and alcohol rehab program will handle all the physical and mental aspects of their substance abuse problem.
Methadone Dependency Withdrawal Management and Opioid Addiction in Washington
Methadone is a synthetic opioid that is typically prescribed to treat heroin addiction but is also given to manage pain. The drug acts on the same opioid receptors as morphine and heroin and is designed to block the effects of heroin and minimize withdrawal symptoms. However, like any other opioid drug, it causes dependence, tolerance, and dangerous withdrawal symptom, especially with long-term sustained use. Within the United States, methadone is federally designated Schedule II, which means it is used for medical purposes but has a high potential for abuse. Despite being heavily regulated within the country, the drug is still abused. Heroin addicts who use methadone are at a higher risk of abuse because they already have a history of addiction. Some heroin addicts have made methadone their substance of choice.
Some of the side effects of methadone include sedation, euphoria, decrease in reaction time and attention, drowsiness, muscle weakness, and decreased body temperature and blood pressure. Methadone overdose is also possible when large quantities are used or when the drug is mixed with other central nervous system depressants. The signs of an overdose are constricted pupils, dizziness, hypertension, loss of consciousness, and respiratory depression. Managing a dependency to methadone requires medically supervised detox. Washington methadone detoxification programs are practical solutions to help patients overcome their dependence on methadone. Withdrawal management mitigates dangerous withdrawal symptoms. Once this is complete, the patient can then pursue further counseling or therapy.
Problems created by opioids have impacted every part of Washington State. Per the University of Washington, Alcohol and Drug Abuse Institute, some counties have seen a decline in the number of deaths, such as Whatcom and Spokane County. However, more populous counties have seen an increase in the number of deaths. In 2018 there were 776 deaths involving an opioid, and in 2017 there were 762 deaths. Heroin, for example, is not confined to the western part of the state or the to the more populous areas. The rate of deaths attributed to prescription drugs and pain medication saw a decline in 2016 through 2018 from a rate of 9 deaths per 100,000 population in 2007 through 2009.